The U.S. Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides supplemental foods, nutrition education and breastfeeding support, screening and referrals to medical and social services, and support for eligible low-income women and children younger than 5 years. This review describes evidence on the association of maternal, infant, and child health outcomes with WIC participation.
Use this article to:
- Watch the brief video summarizing the results of the review.
- Compare the strengths and weaknesses of available evidence on the effectiveness of this program.
- Review a current ACP policy paper on food insecurity.
- Role-play clinical conversations to address food insecurity during inpatient and outpatient encounters.
- Ask a social worker how to refer a patient to WIC and other programs that can assist patients with food insecurity.
Annals of Internal Medicine is the premier internal medicine academic journal published by the American College of Physicians (ACP). It is one of the most widely cited and influential specialty medical journals in the world.