Dyslipidemia is an important risk factor for coronary artery disease and stroke. Long-term, prospective epidemiologic studies have consistently shown that persons with healthier lifestyles and fewer risk factors for coronary heart disease, particularly those with favorable lipid profiles, have reduced incidence of coronary heart disease. Prevention and sensible management of dyslipidemia can markedly alter cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

Use this article to:

  • Discover the tests that are routinely used to diagnose dyslipidemia.
  • Ask yourself when you would order lipid testing in a person who has no history of or symptoms suggesting cardiovascular disease.
  • Review the indications for lipid-lowering therapy as primary prevention.
  • Test your knowledge by taking the quiz that accompanies the article.

Annals of Internal Medicine is the premier internal medicine academic journal published by the American College of Physicians (ACP). It is one of the most widely cited and influential specialty medical journals in the world.

Back to the July 2023 issue of ACP IMpact