Cardiac Amyloidosis

Annals in the Clinic

Amyloidosis is a pathologic and clinical condition resulting from the accumulation of insoluble aggregates of misfolded proteins in tissues. Extracellular deposition of amyloid fibrils in the myocardium leads to cardiac amyloidosis, which is often overlooked as a cause of diastolic heart failure. Although cardiac amyloidosis was previously believed to have a poor prognosis, recent advances in diagnosis and treatment have emphasized the importance of early recognition and changed management of this condition. This article provides an overview of cardiac amyloidosis and summarizes current screening, diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment options.


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Annals in the Clinic

Annals In the Clinic is a monthly feature in Annals of Internal Medicine introduced in January 2007 that focuses on practical management of patients with common clinical conditions. It offers evidence-based answers to frequently asked questions about screening, prevention, diagnosis, therapy, and patient education and provides physicians with tools to improve the quality of care.