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Benefits and Harms of Cranial Electrical Stimulation for Chronic Painful Conditions, Depression, Anxiety, and Insomnia: A Systematic Review

Cranial electrical stimulation (CES) is increasingly popular as a treatment, yet its clinical benefit is unclear. The purpose of this systematic review is to review evidence about the benefits and harms of CES for adult patients with chronic painful conditions, depression, anxiety, and insomnia.

Conclusion: Evidence is insufficient that CES has clinically important effects on fibromyalgia, headache, neuromusculoskeletal pain, degenerative joint pain, depression, or insomnia; low-strength evidence suggests modest benefit in patients with anxiety and depression.

About Annals Articles

Many articles published in the Annals of Internal Medicine (annals.org) offer CME credit and MOC points, earned by reading the articles and subsequently completing a multiple-choice quiz to demonstrate knowledge. Note that CME and MOC availability typically expires 3 years after article publication, but quizzes remain available to allow learners to test their knowledge.


Details

CME/MOC:

Up to 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits ™ and MOC Points
Expires February 13, 2021   active

Cost:

Free to Members

Format:

Journal Articles

Product:

Annals Articles