Association Between Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs and Nonfatal and Fatal Drug Overdoses: A Systematic Review
Prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) are a key component of the president's Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention Plan to prevent opioid overdoses in the United States. The purpose of this review was to examine whether PDMP implementation is associated with changes in nonfatal and fatal overdoses; identify features of programs differentially associated with those outcomes; and investigate any potential unintended consequences of the programs.
Evidence that PDMP implementation either increases or decreases nonfatal or fatal overdoses is largely insufficient, as is evidence regarding positive associations between specific administrative features and successful programs. Some evidence showed unintended consequences. Research is needed to identify a set of "best practices" and complementary initiatives to address these consequences.
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AMA PRA Category 1 Credits ™ and MOC Points
Expires May 8, 2021 expires-soon
Many articles published in the Annals of Internal Medicine (annals.org) offer CME credit and MOC points, earned by reading the articles and subsequently completing a multiple-choice quiz to demonstrate knowledge. Note that CME and MOC availability typically expires 3 years after article publication, but quizzes remain available to allow learners to test their knowledge.