Getting it Right: Cases to Improve Diagnosis

Cases to Improve Diagnosis

Diagnosis is one of the most important and challenging tasks that a physician performs, particularly in internal medicine. The rate of diagnostic error is extremely difficult to measure and varies across specialties, but it is estimated to be 10% to 15% for internists. Unfortunately, these errors result in substantial morbidity and mortality for patients. Diagnostic errors are the leading type of paid medical malpractice claim and are nearly twice as likely to result in death as any other category of error. Produced by the American College of Physicians in collaboration with the Society to Improve Diagnosis in Medicine, these cases serve to encourage thinking around diagnostic decision-making, how problems may occur in that process, and how diagnostic errors may affect both our patients and us in our daily practice of medicine.

The cases cover the following topics:

  • Understanding the Diagnostic Process
  • Analyzing Cognitive and Systems Contributions to Diagnostic Errors
  • Partnering With Patients and Families in the Diagnostic Decision-Making Process
  • Physician and Patient Factors in Diagnostic Decision-Making
  • Recognizing and Responding to Diagnostic Errors

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Cases to Improve Diagnosis

In recognition of the importance of diagnostic accuracy to the safe practice of medicine, American College of Physicians in collaboration with the Society to Improve Diagnosis in Medicine, produced this set of cases to challenge practicing clinicians in understanding the diagnostic process and the concepts of diagnostic error.