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Provider Types and Outcomes in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Case Finding and Treatment: A Systematic Review

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) diagnosis and care models rely on sleep specialist physicians (SSPs) and can be expensive and inefficient. The purpose of this systematic review is to assess OSA case-finding accuracy and comparative effectiveness of care by non–sleep specialists (NSSs) and SSPs.

Conclusion: Care by NSSs and SSPs resulted in similar outcomes in adults with known or suspected OSA. Studies are needed to determine care model implementation and reproducibility of results in nonacademic settings and among less experienced NSSs.

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