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The late 1980s brought several innovations and structural
changes to the Annals of Internal Medicine. 1987 marked
the beginning of Annals' publishing structured abstracts.
The July 1, 1988 issue of Annals inaugurated the journal
becoming a twice-monthly publication along with placing the issue's
table of contents on the front cover. In 1989 The American College
of Physicians moves its headquarters from 4200 Pine Street to its
current location at Independence Mall West, Philadelphia. This
enabled the publishing activities to be combined in one division.
Dr. Edward Huth, the Editor of Annals since 1971 retired
in June 1990, and was replaced the following month by Drs. Robert
H. Fletcher and Suzanne W. Fletcher. The Fletchers were general
internists and clinical epidemiologists. Before becoming editors of
Annals, they served on the faculties of medicine and
epidemiology at McGill Medical School and the University of North
Carolina, Chapel Hill.
In 1991 Annals began to offer as a supplement ACP
Journal Club, and the following year the first Spanish edition of
Annals was launched. In 1992 an article in the journal
critical of pharmaceutical advertising leads to a decline in such
advertising in Annals. As a result, the College's Board of
Regents again reiterates their support of independent editorial
judgment for the Annals of Internal Medicine. In 1993 the
Fletchers accepted appointments at Harvard Medical School and
resigned from their Annals' editorship. Edward J. Huth
returned as Interim Editor until a permanent editor could be found.
At the same time, ACP's publishing activities were reorganized into
two divisions: Annals and Publishing.
Dr. Frank Davidoff was named Editor of Annals in 1995.
Prior to his editorship, Dr. Davidoff was active in basic molecular
pharmacology and advanced clinical research. During his editorship
he published research on the changes to manuscripts resulting from
peer review and editorial processes. Dr. Davidoff also noted an
increasing number of papers submitted to Annals coming
from Europe and Japan. He fulfilled a request of the Cochrane
Collaboration and the National Library of Medicine to review all
previous issues of Annals published since 1948 to identify
reports of randomized clinical trials. In 1996 Annals'
editor announced the introduction of a more extensive policy on the
disclosure of conflict of interest issues. During this period the
journal also adopted the new guidelines of the Consolidated
Standards of Reporting (CONSORT) to alleviate the problems arising
from inadequate reporting of randomized controlled trials.
In 2000 the Annals Web site (www.annals.org) was launched. In June
2001 Dr. Davidoff retired as Annals' editor was replaced
the following month by Dr. Harold C. Sox. Before becoming
Annals' editor, Dr. Sox did clinical research on the
application of decision analysis in selecting and interpreting
diagnostic tests. He was a Professor of Medicine (Clinical) at
Stanford University School of Medicine and Professor and Chair,
Department of Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School. Dr. Sox also
served as a Regent of the College, chair of several ACP committees
and in 1998-1999 President of the College. Dr. Sox introduced a new
element to Annals' clinical research articles, Context
notes. These notes summarize the place of the reported study in
current medicine, serving as an editorial comment on a particular
paper. Dr. Sox also sought to attract more original research
articles, reports on quality improvement, clinical policy and
articles advocating evidence-based medical decision-making.
Upon Dr. Sox's retirement in July 2009, Dr. Christine Laine
became the Editor of Annals and a Senior Vice President at
the American College of Physicians. Dr. Laine is the youngest
editor in the history of Annals of Internal Medicine,
where she has served on the editorial staff since June 1995. Prior
to joining Annals editorial staff, Dr. Laine received her
medical degree from State University of New York at Stony Brook,
and completed residency training in internal medicine at The New
York Hospital (Cornell University), and a fellowship in general
internal medicine and clinical epidemiology at Beth Israel Hospital
(Harvard University). Laine earned a master of public health degree
at Harvard University and served as an Assistant Professor,
Division of Internal Medicine at Jefferson Medical College
(Philadelphia) where she split her time between research, teaching,
and clinical practice.
-Prepared April 2014 by Eric Greenberg, based on materials
from the Archives of the American College of Physicians and,
Rosenow EC Jr. History of the American College of Physicians:
Executive Perspectives, 1959-1977. Philadelphia: American College
of Physicians; 1984. Huth EJ, van Steenburgh KC. "Annals of
Internal Medicine: the first 50 years." Ann Intern Med. 1977;
87:103-10, and Huth EJ, Case K (2002). Annals of Internal Medicine
at Age 75: Reflections on the Past 25 Years". Ann Intern Med 137