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Breast Cancer | ACP We're sorry, but something went wrong

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Breast Cancer

According to the National Cancer Institute, in the United States, breast cancer is the most common non-skin cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related death in women. Each year, a small number of men also are diagnosed with and die from breast cancer.

What are the Causes?

The underlying cause of breast cancer is unclear. However some of the risk factors that have been identified include:

What are the Symptoms?

It is very unusual for breast cancer to produce symptoms in the early stages. Although the following symptoms most often result from non-cancerous conditions, if you experience any of them you should consult an internist.

How is Breast Cancer Diagnosed?

You should conduct self breast exams regularly to look for lumps and other abnormalities. See your internist if you notice any changes in your breast. Tests used to diagnose breast cancer may include the following:

Breast Cancer Treatments

The treatment for breast cancer depends on whether the cancer is affecting one area or if it has spread throughout the body. Once a full assessment has been made, your internist and oncologist will discuss treatment options with you. Treatment may include one or a combination of the following:

Annals of Internal Medicine Patient Summaries

Search for breast cancer in ACP's Annals of Internal Medicine Patient Summaries. Annals of Internal Medicine is the leading peer-reviewed internal medicine clinical journal.

Download Booklet

Download the 40-page booklet "Awareness is power: Cancer and the African American"

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