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Effective Clinical Practice

July/August 2001

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

The Uneven Landscape of Newborn Intensive Care Services: Variation in the Neonatology Workforce
David C. Goodman, Elliott S. Fisher, George A. Little, Thérèse A. Stukel, and Chiang-Hua Chang

The number of neonatalologists per birth varies dramatically in different parts of the country. This variation cannot be explained by the substitution of neonatal mid-level providers or by the presence of academic medical centers.
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Meta-Analysis of Dietary Restriction during Fecal Occult Blood Testing
Michael Pignone, Marci Kramish Campbell, Carol Carr, and Christopher Phillips

Although dietary restriction does not appear to influence whether patients complete fecal occult blood tests, it also does not seem to be particularly effective in preventing false-positive results.
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Taking Advantage of the Explosion of Systematic Reviews: An Efficient MEDLINE Search Strategy
Kaveh G. Shojania and Lisa A. Bero

Are your MEDLINE searches unproductive? A search strategy using a freely available MEDLINE interface can identify most systematic reviews while minimizing the number of false-positive results.
Full Text  |  Print Version (PDF)

Effectiveness of an Intervention To Improve Primary Care Provider Recognition of Depression
Steven K. Dobscha, Martha S. Gerrity, and Mark F. Ward

A limited, practical intervention was useful in improving documentation of depression and suicidal ideation. Patients who received the intervention were more likely to be referred to mental health services and to begin receiving antidepressants.
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PATTERNS OF PRACTICE

Operative Mortality with Elective Surgery in Older Adults
Emily V.A. Finlayson and John D. Birkmeyer

Helping patients understand surgical risk when deciding whether to undergo elective surgery requires good data. This article uses the nationwide experience of Medicare beneficiaries to report on age-specific mortality following major operations in the United States.
Full Text  |  Print Version (PDF)

EDITORIALS

Neonatal Workforce: How Much Is Enough?
Full Text  |  Print Version (PDF)

Diet for Fecal Occult Blood Test Screening: Help or Harm?
Full Text  |  Print Version (PDF)

PRIMER

Statistical Significance and PValues
Full Text  |  Print Version (PDF)

POLICY MATTERS

Sensationalism in the Media: When Scientists and Journalists May Be Complicit Collaborators
Full Text  |  Print Version (PDF)

LETTER TO THE EDITOR

Does Measuring Fructosamine Help People with Diabetes?
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CALL FOR PAPERS

Looking Ahead: Modifying Childhood Behaviors to Prevent Adult Disease
Full Text  |  Print Version (PDF)

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