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History of Medicine Bibliography

Updated 03/27/01

This bibliography of non-ACP material emphasizes American medical history with a specific focus on the social and institutional history of medicine.  All articles and monographs were selected based on their historiographical merit. 

General Histories

Erwin Ackerknecht. A Short History of Medicine. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

John Duffy.  The Healers. A History of American Medicine. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1979.

Judith Leavitt and Ronald Numbers, eds.  Sickness and Health in America.   Second edition, revised.  Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.

Susan Reverby and David Rosner.  Health Care in America: Essays in Social History. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1979.

Charles Rosenberg and Morris Vogel, eds.  The Therapeutic Revolution: Essays in the Social History of Medicine.  Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1979.

William G. Rothstein.  American Physicians in the 19th Century: From Sects to Science.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1972.

Richard Shryock. Medicine and Society in America, 1660-1860. New York: New York University Press, 1960.

Paul Starr. The Social Transformation of American Medicine. New York: Basic Books, 1982.

Medical Education and Research

Barbara Barzansky and Norman Gevitz, eds. Beyond Flexner, Medical Education in the Twentieth Century.  New York: Greenwood Press, 1992.

Thomas N. Bonner.  American Doctors and German Universities. A Chapter in International Relations.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 1963.

Thomas N. Bonner. "Abraham Flexner and the Historians." Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 45 (1990): 3-10.

Thomas N. Bonner. "The German Model of  Training Physicians in the United States, 1870-1914:  How Closely was It followed?" Bulletin of the History of Medicine 64 (1990): 18-34.

Jerome Bylebyl, ed.  Teaching the History of Medicine at the Medical Center. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

Donald Fleming. William H. Welch and the Rise of  Modern Medicine. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987.

A. McGhee Harvey.  Science at the Bedside: Clinical Research in American Medicine, 1905-1945.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981.

Russell Maulitz Jones.  "American Doctors and Parisian Medical World, 1830-1840."  Bulletin of the History of Medicine 47 (1973): 40-65.

Martin Kaufman. American Medical Education: The Formative Years, 1765-1910.   Westport, CT:  Greenwood Press, 1976.

Robert Kohler.  From Medical Chemistry to Biochemistry: The Making of a Biomedical Discipline. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Kenneth Ludmerer.  Learning to Heal:  The Development of American Medical Education.  New York:  Basic Books, 1985.

Ronald Numbers, ed.  The Education of American Physicians.  Berkeley and Los Angeles, University of California Press, 1979.

Hospitals

Vanessa Gamble.  Making a Place for Ourselves: The Black Hospital Movement, 1920-1945.  Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.

Diana Long and Janet Golden, eds.  The American General Hospital. Communities and Social Contexts.  Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989.

Charles Rosenberg.  The Care of Strangers. The Rise of America's Hospital System. New York:  Basic Books, 1987.

David Rosner.  A Once Charitable Enterprise:  Hospitals and Health Care in Brooklyn and New York, 1885-1915.  Cambridge, London and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1982.

Rosemary Stevens.  In Sickness and in Wealth. American Hospitals in the Twentieth Century.  New York:  Basic Books, 1989.

Morris Vogel.  The Invention of the Modern Hospital, Boston 1870-1930.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.

William H. Williams.  America's First Hospital: the Pennsylvania Hospital, 1757-1841.  Wayne, PA:  Haverford House, 1976.

Health Politics and Economics, Health Insurance

E. Richard Brown.  Rockefeller Medicine Men.  Medicine and Capitalism in America.  Berkeley and Los Angeles, University of California Press, 1979.

Rashi Fein.  Medical Care, Medical Costs: The Search for Health Insurance Policy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1986.

Daniel M. Fox.  Health policies, Health Politics:  The British and American Experience, 1911-1965.  Princeton:  Princeton University Press, 1986.

Daniel Hirschfield.  The Lost Reform: the Campaign for Compulsory Health Insurance in the United States from 1932-1943.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1970.

Roger J. Hollingsworth.  A Political Economy of Medicine: Great Britain and the United States.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986.

Theodor J. Litman and Leonard S. Robins.  Health Politics and Policy.  Albany, New York: Delmar Publishers, 1991.

Ronald Numbers.  Almost Persuaded: American Physicians and Compulsory Health Insurance, 1912-1920.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978.

Monte M. Poen.  Harry S. Truman vs. the Medical Lobby:  The Genesis of Medicare.  Columbia:  University of Missouri Press, 1979.

David Rothman.  Strangers at the Bedside.  A History of How Law and Bioethics Transformed Medical Decision Making.  New York:  Basic Books, 1991.

Richard Shryock.  Medical Licensing in America, 1650-1965.   Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1967.

Public Health, Infectious Diseases, Epidemics

Barbara Bates.  Bargaining for Life: A Social History of Tuberculosis, 1876-1938.  Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1992.

John B. Blake.  Public Health in the Town of Boston, 1630-1822.   Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1959.

Alan Brandt.  No Magic Bullet: A Social History of Venereal Disease in the United States since 1880.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1985. 

James Cassedy.  Charles V. Chapin and the Public Health Movement. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1962.

Alfred Crosby.  The Colombian Exchange: Biological and Cultural consequences of 1492.  Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing, 1972.

John Duffy.  A History of Public Health in New York City. 2 Volumes.  New York: Russel Sage Foundation, 1968, 1974.

John Duffy. Epidemics in Colonial America.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1953.

Patricia Peck Gossel.  The Emergence of American Bacteriology, 1875-1900.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988.

Gerald Grob.  Edward Jarvis and the Medical World of Nineteenth-Century America.  Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press, 1978.

Alan M. Kraut.  Silent Travelers. Germs, Genes and the "Immigrant Menace". 1994.

Judith Walzer Leavitt.  The Healthiest City:  Milwaukee and the Politics of Health Reform.  Princeton:  Princeton University Press, 1982.

David MacBride.  From TB to AIDS.  Epidemics among Urban Blacks since 1900.  Albany:  State University of  New York, 1991.

Charles Rosenberg.  The Cholera Years.  The United States in 1932, 1849 and 1866.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962.

David Rosner.  Hives of Sickness.  Public Health and Epidemics in New York City. 1995.

Shelia Rothman. Living in the Shadow of Death:  Tuberculosis and Social Experience of Illness in American Society.  New York:  Basic Books, 1992.

Frank Ryan.  The Forgotten Plague: How the Battle against Tuberculosis was Won and--Lost. Boston: Brown & Little, 1993.

Arthur Silverstein.  Pure Politics and Impure Science: The Swine Flu Affair.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981.

Jane S. Smith.  Patenting the Sun: Polio and the Salk Vaccine.   New York: William Morrow & Company, 1990.

Women and Medicine

Thomas Bonner.  To the Ends of the Earth.  Women's Search for Education in Medicine.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992.

Virginia Drachman.  Hospital with a Heart.  Women Doctors and the Paradox of Separatism at the New England Hospital, 1862-1969.  Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1984.

Judith Leavitt, ed.  Women and Health in America: Historical Readings.  Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1984.

Regina Markell Morantz-Sanchez.  Sympathy and Science.   Women Physicians in American Medicine.  New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.

African Americans and Medicine

Vanessa Gamble.  Making a Place for Ourselves: The Black Hospital Movement, 1920-1945.  Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.

Todd Savitt.  Medicine and Slavery.  The Diseases and Health Care of Blacks in Antebellum Virginia.  Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1978.

Alternative Medicine

Norman Gevitz, ed.  Other Healers: Unorthodox Medicine in America.   Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988.

Norman Gevitz, ed.  The D.O.'s: Osteopathic Medicine in America.   Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

Martin Kaufman.  Homeopathy in America: The Rise and Fall of Medical Heresy.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1971.

Stephen Nissenbaum.  Sex, Diet, and Debility in Jacksonian America: Sylvester Graham and Health Reform.  Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1980.

James Harvey Young.  The Medical Messiahs: A Social History of Health Quackery in Twentieth-Century America.  Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1967.

Many thanks to Karen Walloch, Ph.D. candidate, History of Medicine Department, University of Wisconsin, for her assistance with this bibliography.

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